Tea is an aromatic beverage typically prepared by putting hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub belonging to Asia. After water, it is the most widely ated drink in the world. There are various kinds of tea; some teas, like Darjeeling and Chinese greens, have a cooling, slightly bitter, and astringent flavour, while others have vastly different profiles that include sweet, nutty, flower or grassy notes.
Tea come from southwestern China, where it was made use of as a medical beverage. It was promoted as a leisure beverage during the Chinese Tang dynasty, and tea drinking spread to other East Asian countries. Portuguese priests and merchants presented it to the West throughout the 16th century. During the 17th century, drinking tea became fashionable among Britons, who began large-scale production and commercialization of the plant in India to bypass a Chinese monopoly at that time.
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