The History of Coffee
The History of Coffee
Today adults consume coffee for its energizing effect. However, has anyone really ever addressed the question, “Where does coffee come from?” Well today, you’re going to learn briefly about the history of coffee.
The Roots of Coffee (Ethiopia)
Now to begin with, the origin of coffee stems from Ethiopia which is in Africa. The Arabica plant also known as “the coffee plant” grows there naturally and wildly in the forests of Kaffa. Coffee first blossomed in Kaffa which is a province in the south-western highlands.
It is said that an ancient man by the name of Kaldi discovered coffee. He fed his herd of goats coffee plants and noticed that they would become energized. The goats bleated loudly and pranced with excitement. This led him to test out coffee for himself. When he did, he felt delightful by coffee’s energizing effect and told others about it in his area.
On the Arabian Peninsula, the cultivation of coffee began spreading quickly throughout the land. By the 14th century the cultivation of coffee happened in Yemen. Just two centuries later it was taken on by Egypt, Syria, Persia and Turkey. Back then coffee was so delightful that there were coffee bars or “coffee houses” in cities in the Arabian Peninsula. Because coffee houses became a place where people communicated information frequently, coffee houses became referred to as “Schools of the Wise.”
Coffee in Europe
Coffee came to Europe in the 17th century. It became very well-known across the continent. Initially people thought that the bitter taste was very bad. They referred to it as the “bitter invention of Satan.” However, Pope Clement VIII enjoyed coffee and approved of it so it remained legal.
Now in major cities such as Germany, England, France, Holland and Austria, coffee bars became the place where people hung out for social engagement and communication. People enjoyed the energizing effect of coffee and eventually it became the morning choice of beverage in place of beer or wine. Half way through the century, more than 300 coffee houses were built in London. It attracted merchants, artists, brokers and shippers.
Coffee became the primary choice of drink for The New World. Coffee came to New Amsterdam and quickly moved throughout the Western Hemisphere. Before 1773, tea was the first choice of beverage but the heavy taxation of it by King George III helped to change peoples taste. After that date, coffee officially became the selection of Americans.
Coffee in America
Coffee came to America via the Mayor of Amsterdam. The mayor gave King Louis XIV of France a coffee plant as a gift. The King then ordered it to be placed in the Royal Botanical Garden in Paris. Gabriel de Clieu (a naval officer) received a seedling from the King’s plant. He then took the seedling and planted it in Martinique.
From the seed Gabriel planted came about 18,000,000 coffee trees on the Islands of Martinique. The trees sprouted up over a span of 50 years from being planted. Now today it’s a multi-billion-dollar industry.
In conclusion, coffee began its start in Africa and made its way throughout different lands across the world. The result you have to today is the effect of a cause (Kaldi’s sharing of the coffee plant in Ethiopia). That is a brief history of coffee.